Berke Özücer, MD
Mim Kemal Öke Cad No.6 Nişantaşı-Istanbul H.içi: 0900-1800 Cmt: 0900-1400 +90-212-232-3253 Whatsapp: +90-537-929-5555

Facial Palsy Dictionary

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What is Facial Paralysis? Facial Paralysis Surgery What are the options? The explanations of the concepts are below for a better understanding of the questions.

what is an acoustic neurinoma Also known as vertex tumor. It occurs on the auditory nerve near the brainstem.
acute cause It is called fast and sudden situations.
antiviral therapy It is a drug treatment against viruses that may cause facial paralysis.
Bwhat is ell paralysis is the most common cause of facial paralysis. The term used when an underlying cause such as trauma or tumor is unknown (idiopathic). The underlying cause is thought to be viral infection
What is blepharospasm Spasm means involuntary muscle contraction, while blepharospasm is involuntary spasm around the eyes. For example, eye strain when laughing, etc.
botox It is a drug that temporarily (for about 6 months) stops the muscle contraction.
degeneration Demolition. The deterioration of their body structures and their inability to perform their normal functions. Nerve degeneration indicates that the nerve cannot function.
dynamic It means moving. Dynamic methods do not only improve the passive posture of the face; It also contributes during movement (eg laughing, whistling, showing teeth) by bringing it closer to the natural appearance (see Static)
ectropion what In the part of the lower eyelid that comes into contact with the eye, unlike normal loosening, sagging and curling out.
electrophysiological tests These are tests in which the function of the facial nerve is evaluated by stimulating the nerves with small tiny currents such as EMG and ENOG.
what is electromyography Its abbreviation name is EMG. It is an electrophysiological test that evaluates nerve-muscle function.
what is electroneurography Its abbreviation name is ENOG. It is an electrophysiological test that evaluates nerve-muscle function.
What is EMG It is an abbreviation for electromyography. It is an electrophysiological test that evaluates nerve-muscle function.
endoscopic reason Surgeries performed using endoscopy are called endoscopes. Endoscopes are in the form of sticks used in surgery and provide vision. It is a technology that allows surgery to be performed by inserting endoscopy through small incisions.
What is ENOG It is an abbreviation for electroneurography. It is an electrophysiological test that evaluates nerve-muscle function.
facial nerve It is the 7th nerve. It is the facial nerve. Its job is to send signals to the muscles that provide facial gestures.
Cause facial paralysis Facial 'facial' paralysis also means 'paralysis'. facial paralysis means facial paralysis.
What is facial reanimation In patients with permanent facial paralysis, the operations performed to mobilize the face again and to create its symmetrical natural state are called.
fascia lata what It is the hanger material located on the outer surface of the upper leg (thigh) and is commonly used in facial reanimation.
gracilis muscle transfer The gracilis muscle is located on the inner surface of the upper leg (thigh). This muscle is taken along with its own vessels and nerves and transferred to the face. This process is called gracilis free muscle transfer.
hypoglossal nerve It is the 12th nerve. Language is nervous. Its task is to provide language movements
house brackman scale Yüz felci seviyesini değerlendirmek için geliştirilmiş bir ölçektir.  HB-1 normal insan HB-6 ise tam %100 paralizidir.
idiopathic cause What is idiopathic / idiopathic? It means that it is not known exactly why. It is a very frequently used term in medicine in the sense of 'unknown cause'.
complete / partial incomplete means partial (House-Brackmann 1-2-3-4-5) complete with complete (HB 6)
congenital cause it means innate. Used to describe congenital diseases
cranial nerve The 12 nerves that come out of the head are called cranial nerves. They come out in pairs, symmetrically from the right and left
cause chronic used to refer to long-standing diseases. It is used in the opposite sense to acute.
lagophthalmus / lagophthalmos What is lagophthalmus / lagophthalm? Eyelids not closing properlycannot be closed and remain open
masseter nerve transplant It is the process of connecting the masseter nerve, which is a branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve, to one of the branches of the facial (7th nerve) nerve with microsurgery.
what is microsurgery It is surgery performed using surgical microscopes (highly advanced surgical magnifiers). Surgery for small invisible things is generally called microsurgery.
nasolabial groove While the person is laughing, the crescent-shaped lines in the right and left parts of the mouth are called 'nasolabial grooves'. It tends to become more pronounced with age.
peripheral reason It means power plant center. The problem in central facial paralysis is before the facial nerve leaves the skull. in peripheral facial paralysis, after the point where the facial nerve leaves the skull behind the ear
Why prognosis means the course and course of the disease.
ptosis / ptotic Latin means low, drooping. To give an example: it shows that the eyelid is drooping down, unlike the position it should be ptotic.
What is synkinesis?  means involuntary movement. As a result of the improper improvement in facial paralysis, the patient may experience confusion in facial movements. Example: involuntary contraction / closure of one eye while laughing
spasm We contract and relax our muscles at will. The involuntary contraction of a muscle group is called spasm.
static It is still. Static methods in the surgical treatment of permanent facial paralysis improve the immobile facial expression, but they do not contribute to facial movements. (see Dynamic)
static hanger It is a technique that creates an improvement in the image when the person's face is still (photographed). The downside is that it doesn't benefit the movement (while laughing)
steroid It is known as 'cortisone' among the people.
temporal tendon transfer What is a temporal tendon transfer? T3. Facial paralysis, where the 'chewing' muscle in the temples is combined with the corner of the mouth, is a surgical treatment option.
tendon The connections of muscle groups at the attachment points are called tendons. In general, the tendon can think like the handle of the muscle.
trigeminal nerve 5th cranial nerve. It is the nerve that allows the sensations in the face to be taken and chewed again.
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